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File photo of Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi

Libya has been in a state of turmoil and instability for years now, as the country has gone through many political transitions. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi expressed concern about the current situation in Libya before the Paris International Conference for Libya, which was organized by France, Germany, Italy, and Libya. 

He stated that foreign troops, including mercenaries and foreign fighters must immediately depart from Libya, “without procrastination.”

Furthermore, Al-Sisi stated in his statement that Egypt is eager to assist Libyan authorities in implementing the plan of the 5+5 joint military committee, as well as bringing Libyan institutions together and strengthening capacities so Libyans can keep their wealth and be in control of their future.

In addition, Al-Sisi urged all parties, both inside and outside Libya, to immediately stop assisting and funding terrorist and extremist organizations, as well as transporting their members from one nation to another, which is critical to bringing Libya out of its crisis and putting an end to the suffering of its citizens.

President Al-Sisi met with French Armed Forces Minister Florence Parly on the margins of the Paris Conference on Libya on Thursday, in which both sides agreed to step up dialogue and collaboration in the fight against terrorism in the coming months.

The important takeaway from Al-Sisi’s remarks on the current Libyan crisis is that all Libyan factions and parties must work together to overcome conflicts, in addition to the withdrawal of all foreign troops from the country in order to construct a free independent state based on stability and peace.

Mercenaries in Libya

Forces of Libyan strongman Khalifa Haftar said Thursday 300 foreign mercenaries fighting on their side would leave the country, at the request of France, which is hosting a conference on Libya . 

The announcement, which gave no timeline for their exit, came on the eve of the international conference in Paris aimed at ensuring Libya sticks to plans to hold elections in December, in a bid to restore stability in the North African country.

The UN estimates that 20,000 mercenaries and foreign fighters are deployed in Libya, including from the Russian private security firm Wagner, as well as from Chad, Sudan and Syria.

Haftar, who has been accused by critics of wanting to establish a military dictatorship in Libya, was backed by the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Russia and France, while Turkey provided military aid to the internationally-backed Tripoli administration.

A “first group of 300 mercenaries and foreign fighters” are to be repatriated “at the request of France”, representatives of Haftar’s east-based forces said in a statement.

It said the decision was taken by the military command of Haftar’s self-styled Libyan National Army, and the withdrawal of foreign fighters would be coordinated with the UN mission in Libya and the home countries of the fighters.

The nationality of the fighters was not specified.

The statement, a copy of which was received by AFP, was released by pro-Haftar delegates to the so-called 5+5 military commission made up of rival camps in Libya’s conflict.

The commission is tasked with implementing a ceasefire brokered by the UN in October last year between the rival eastern and western camps.

‘Unilateral’ gesture

A UN report released in October revealed that all sides in Libya, “including third states, foreign fighters and mercenaries, have violated international humanitarian law… and some have also committed war crimes”.

Libya has been struggling to move past the violence that has wracked the oil-rich nation since a 2011 NATO-backed uprising toppled and killed dictator Moamer Kadhafi.

Map showing the areas of control by forces in Libya as of November 9, 2021  AFP/File

The October 2020 ceasefire brought to an end a fierce year-long battle sparked by Haftar’s bid to seize the capital Tripoli.

It also led to a fragile unity government taking office in March, with a mandate to take the country to elections.

Part of an agreed roadmap backed by the United Nations was to hold presidential and legislative elections in December.

On Monday, Libya opened registration for candidates in the polls, with the presidential vote to take place in December and legislative polls in January.

In Thursday’s statement, Haftar’s faction said the withdrawal of the 300 foreign mercenaries and fighters would be a “unilateral” gesture, adding they expect nothing in return from the government in Tripoli.

But despite a year of relative peace since the October 2020 ceasefire, a UN-led transition process has been overshadowed by wrangling over the legal bases for upcoming elections and whether the various factions will recognise the results of the polls.

The Paris conference being hosted Friday by French President Emmanuel Macron was attended by key players, including US Vice President Kamala Harris and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

“The elections are within grasp… but there are ‘spoilers’ who are trying to derail the process,” a French presidential official said ahead of the meeting. 

Macron also wants the conference to endorse a plan for the departure of all foreign forces and mercenaries, the French presidential official added.

Scoop emire/ AFP/ France 24

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