Lebanon’s parliament on Monday approved Prime Minister Najib Mikati’s new cabinet, tasked with pulling the country out of a deep economic crisis after 13 months of political deadlock.
The economic meltdown has depleted central bank reserves, devalued the currency by more than 90 percent and plunged three out of four citizens below the poverty line, while those who can are emigrating by the thousands.
The World Bank has called it one of the planet’s worst economic crises since the 1850s.
After a marathon eight-hour session to examine the government’s action plan, 85 lawmakers voted for the new ministerial line-up while 15 voted against, according to a tally announced by parliament speaker Nabih Berri.
A caretaker government had been at the helm since August last year when the premier and cabinet resigned after a catastrophic blast at Beirut’s port.
Mikati’s 24-member cabinet, unveiled earlier this month after protracted horse-trading, will be expected to offer solutions to shortages of medicine and fuel and to launch a ration card programme to protect the poorest.
It will have to pursue negotiations with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and oversee preparations for parliamentary elections scheduled for May next year.
– ‘Embarrassing’ –
The country is grappling with almost round-the-clock power cuts that have plunged homes into darkness and paralysed hospitals, schools and government offices.
The start of Monday’s parliamentary session at the UNESCO Palace was delayed by around an hour because of a power cut, parliament’s secretary general Adnan Daher told AFP.
Videos circulating on social media showed lawmakers gathering in a courtyard outside the building before electricity was restored.
“This is embarrassing,” lawmaker Teymour Jumblatt told a reporter. “This is not a country.”
Billionaire Mikati, Lebanon’s prime minister for the third time, was designated as premier in July after his two predecessors failed to clinch an agreement on a new line-up.
His cabinet of newcomers includes technocrats, but each minister was endorsed by one or several of the factions that have dominated Lebanese politics since the 1975-1990 civil war.
Mikati, reading a statement to lawmakers ahead of the confidence vote, pledged to “resume talks with IMF and develop a plan to revive the economy”.
He also vowed to hold timely and transparent elections, and adjust salaries weakened by the devaluation of the Lebanese pound.
The new premier pledged to restore the confidence of the international community, which has grown increasingly frustrated with the country’s leadership.
He was interrupted by speaker Berri, who asked him to speed things up because of a risk that the power may be cut again.
The country’s hereditary political barons have so far appeared impervious to international pressure, which intensified after the port explosion that killed at least 214 people and devastated swathes of the capital.
Many Lebanese hope that next year’s parliamentary polls will bring fresh blood, but others are doubtful it could yield game-changing results without a revamp of the electoral system.
At the conclusion of the confidence session, Prime Minister Najib Mikati said, “We took into account the criticisms, some of which were misplaced.”
He added, “We want the country to follow the path of rescue, and we are all aware of the difficulties and risks.”
Mikati stressed that: “The health sector is very important because it affects all Lebanese, but its situation is very difficult, and we have full confidence in the Minister of Health.”
He pointed out that: “The living conditions are difficult, and there will be no “electoral aid”, but rather, there will be donations to the needy.”
Mikati added: “Our priority is also to fortify the educational reality and return students to schools by all possible means, and our eyes are directed to the Lebanese students abroad.”
He added, “We want the governance of aid for those affected by the August 4 explosion, and we seek reconstruction, as we are with an impartial and correct investigation to reach the full truth. We have started negotiations with the International Monetary Fund, and the matter is not a picnic, and we are forced to take this step.”
He continued, “We seek to achieve the electricity and nutrition plan, and we also want to complete the criminal audit in all ministries and state institutions, and one of our priorities is to revitalize the banking sector in an appropriate manner”
He pointed out that: “The subsidies led to the depletion of the existing dollars.”
He stressed that “he will work hard to define the maritime borders without treachery or auctions.”
Mikati concluded by saying: “I wish half of the government were judges because justice is the basis and we cannot succeed without everyone’s help.”
© 2021 AFP