Egypt’s interim president Adly Mansour has sworn in the first Cabinet since the military ousted the Islamist president, giving members of the country’s liberal movements key positions. The Cabinet includes three women.
The new government is led by Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi, an economist. Army chief Gen Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, who ousted Mohammed Morsi on July 3, retains his post as defense minister and also took the position of first deputy prime minister, an additional title given to defense ministers in the past.
Who is who in the new cabinet
Nabil Fahmy – Minister of Foreign Affairs
Fahmy, a former Egyptian ambassador to the US, will assume the role of foreign minister in place of Mohamed Kamel Amr who has been in the post since July 2011.
Fahmy, who is dean of the School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at the American University in Cairo, was Egypt’s ambassador to the US from 1999 to 2008.
Previously, he was the country’s ambassador to Japan from 1997 to 1999. He also served as the political advisor to Egypt’s foreign minister from 1992 to 1997.
The career diplomat worked extensively on issues of Middle East peace and regional disarmament.
Fahmy was born in New York in 1951. He received a bachelor’s degree in physics and mathematics and a master’s in management, both from the American University in Cairo.
Kamal Abu-Eita – Minister of Manpower
Abu-Eita is president of the Egyptian Federation of Independent Trade Unions (EFITU). Since Morsi’s ouster, he has been openly supportive of the “30 June revolution” and has called on members of EFITU to end labour strikes.
Abu-Eita is the general manager of the Giza Real Estate Tax Authority. He is one of the founders of the pan-Arab Karama Party and is founder and president of the independent union of Real Estate Tax Authority employees.
Abu-Eita is known for leading the formation of the first independent trade union, the independent general union of Real Estate Tax Authority employees, in 2009, after leading the Tax Authority employees’ national strike in 2007. He fought to split from the official state-backed General Union of Banking and Insurance Employees to which the Tax Authority employees belonged.
After the ouster of Hosni Mubarak, Abu-Eita was offered the post of minister of manpower by Yehia El-Gamal, deputy prime minister in Egypt’s interim government, but he declined the offer.
Abu-Eita was also an MP in the now dissolved 2011 parliament. In the 2011 elections, he together with other Karama candidates ran on the Muslim Brotherhood-led Freedom and Justice Party list.
Abu-Eita was born in 1953 in Cairo’s Bulaq district.
Dorreya Sharaf El-Din – Minister of Information
Dorreya Sharaf El-Din is the first woman to take on the role of information minister.
The information ministry has long faced criticisms that it is used as a tool by the government to control the media, and many calls have been made to abolish it since the January 2011 revolution.
Sharaf El-Din is a significant figure in the state-run Egyptian Radio and Television Union. She previously served as the first undersecretary of the information ministry, heading the satellite channels division.
She has also hosted several television shows including Sual (Question) on a state channel and Ahl El-Raey (People of Opinion) on privately-owned Dream channel.
Sharaf El-Din was also a member of the policies committee and the women’s committee of the former president Mubarak’s now-dissolved National Democratic Party.
Hossam Eissa – Minister of Higher Education
Hossam Eissa is a political analyst, law professor and former head of the steering committee of the Constitution Party, which he co-founded with Mohamed ElBaradei. He resigned from the party in March in the face of apparent internal divisions.
Eissa earned his doctorate from the Sorbonne in France and taught at universities in Cairo, Algeria and Japan. He also worked as a legal consultant to several regional and international entities such as UNESCO.
Eissa has been politically active since he was a student and is a former member of the Nasserist Party’s political bureau.
Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa – Minister of Religious Endowments
Gomaa is dean of the Faculty of Islamic Studies at Al-Azhar University, and a member Al-Azhar’s senior clerical institute.
He was born in 1939 in Qaliyubia governorate, and earned his bachelor’s degree in 1965 in Arabic studies, he later completed a master’s and a doctorate.
Gomaa worked at several newspapers as an Arabic proofreader and has been a member of the Journalists Syndicate since 1972.
He is also the author of several books on religion.
Laila Rashed Iskandar – Minister of Environment
Laila Iskandar is an Egyptian social entrepreneur who has worked on environmental projects that have received international recognition.
She has worked extensively with garbage collectors in Cairo, particularly the community in Moqattam, winning the Goldman Environmental Prize in 1994 for her work. She also set up a recycling project in Sinai working with the local community.
Iskandar is the chairperson of CID Consulting (Community and International Development Group) that works with garbage collectors in Cairo on environmental initiatives such as recycling.
CID Consulting received the award for Social Entrepreneur of the Year from the Schwab Foudnation at the World Economic Forum in 2006. Iskandar received the award from then-prime minister Ahmed Nazif in Sharm El-Sheikh where the forum was held.
Iskandar studied economics and political science at Cairo University. She then went on to gain a master’s in teaching and a doctorate in education at UC Berkeley, California and Columbia University, New York respectively.
Mahmoud Abul-Nasr – Minister of Education
Abul-Nasr was formerly head of the ministry’s technical education sector.
He is currently a faculty member of Cairo University’s mechanical engineering department.
Mohamed Amin El-Mahdy – Minister of Transitional Justice and National Reconciliation
An international judge and a prominent lawmaker, El-Mahdy, 77, is a member of the advisory committee of the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (CRCICA) and the National Human Rights Council.
Graduating with a degree in law in 1956, El-Mahdy started out as an associate in the technical office of late Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, and later became an advisor to the justice and finance ministers.
Over his extensive career, El-Mahdy has assumed several leading judicial posts. From October 2000 to September 2001, he chaired the Egyptian State Council and the High Administrative Court.
From 1994 to 1997, he served as a constitutional advisor to the Kuwaiti emir.
He was the only Egyptian judge to serve as member of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the body is tasked with prosecuting crimes committed during the wars in the former Yugoslavia.
In 2007, El-Mahdy was selected by the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon to be member of the United Nations-backed tribunal trying suspects in the 2005 assassination of Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri.
Following the January 25 revolution, El-Mahdy served as member of a national fact-finding committee tasked with investigation into violations that took place during the uprising.
He also heads a national committee tasked with retrieving Egyptian funds from overseas.
His post – minister of transitional justice and national reconciliation – is a new role, replacing the old position of minister of justice.
Ibrahim Mehleb – Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Development
Mehleb headed the Arab Contractors Company for 11 years before resigning in September 2012. He was originally appointed by ex-minister of housing Ibrahim Soliman, currently in jail pending trial on corruption charges.
Under Mehleb’s leadership the company carried out major construction projects in Cairo including building major bridges.
He graduated with a degree in engineering from Cairo University in 1972.
Taher Abu Zeid – Minister of Sports
Abu Zeid, 51, was a star of the Egyptian national football team in the 1980s, helping the Pharaohs to win the 1986 African Cup of Nations trophy.
He also starred with Cairo-based club Ahly, collecting a large number of trophies and awards.
He succeeds El-Amry Farouk in the role of sports minister, who resigned on 2 July.
Mounir Fakhry Abdel-Nour – Minister of Industry
Abdel-Nour is one of the ex-ministers that claimed to have been offered and refused a ministerial position under recently ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
He is currently secretary-general of the National Salvation Front, Egypt’s main opposition bloc under Morsi’s regime.
The 68-year-old politician served as Egypt’s tourism minister from February 2011 until August 2012 under the cabinet of Essam Sharaf, the first post-revolution prime minister.
At the time secretary-general of the Wafd Party, he was the first minister from an opposition party to hold a cabinet post for 30 years.
The Coptic minister is also the founder of the Egyptian Finance Company and was a member of the National Council for Human Rights. He also sits on the board of directors for the Egyptian Federation of Industries and the Egyptian Competition Authority.
Ahmed Galal – Minister of Finance
Galal, who holds a doctorate in economics from Boston University, has been the managing Director of the Economic Research Forum (ERF), a Cairo-based leading non-governmental research institution covering the Middle East, since 2007.
Under the Morsi regime, Galal participated in an economic development initiative launched by former prime minister Hisham Qandil in December 2012 which aimed to tackle Egypt’s economic challenges through a series of “societal dialogues” between various societal and political factions.
Galal is described as a “non-partisan proponent of the importance of growth with equity as well as the vital role of politics for sound economic policies.”
Under his leadership, the ERF launched new research on economic inequality, natural resource management and labour and human capital development.
Before that, Galal was a researcher with the World Bank for 18 years, where he served as industrial economist for Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, economic advisor at the private sector development department and finally as adviser on the Middle East and North Africa from 2006 to 2007.
A prolific writer, Galal has authored and co-authored over a dozen works on privatisation, regulation of monopolies, trade, monetary policy and fiscal policy.
The prospective minister was also the Executive Director of Research of the Egyptian Centre for Economic Studies (ECES), another independent think tank, between 2000 and 2006.
Ashraf El-Araby – Minister of Planning
El-Araby served as Egypt’s Minister of Planning and International Cooperation from August 2012 to May 2013 under Hisham Qandil. He was replaced by Muslim Brotherhood figure Amr Darrag in a May reshuffle.
An economist by training, El-Araby received his doctorate from Kansas State University in the United States. For the majority of his career, he worked at the country’s National Planning Institute.
From 2006 until the end of 2011 he headed the technical advisory office of the former planning minister, Fayza Abul-Naga. After a brief interlude, during which he worked at the Arab Planning Institute in Kuwait, El-Araby was called back to head the ministry.
El-Araby was a key part of the Egyptian team negotiating with the International Monetary Fund to obtain Egypt’s long-awaited $4.8 billion loan and is expected to take up this role once again.
Ahmed El-Borai – Minister of Social Solidarity
El-Borai served as minister of manpower under Egypt’s first post-revolution prime minister Essam Sharaf in March 2011 until he was replaced in August 2012 by the Muslim Brotherhood’s Khaled El-Azhary.
The law professor, who holds degrees from the universities of Cairo and Paris, succeeded in June 2011 in removing Egypt from the International Labour Organisation’s “short-term” blacklist, partly through his decision that Egyptian workers would be free to establish and form independent trade unions, a significant advance for workers rights. His decision, however, was not enacted by parliament and Egypt was consequently put back on the ILO blacklist .
As an expert in labour relations, he played a prominent role in drafting the unified labour law of 2003.
Mohamed Abu Shadi – Minister of Supply
Abu Shadi was formerly the senior interior ministry official responsible for investigating supply crimes.
Abu Shadi also served as the head of the internal trade sector in the Ministry of Trade and Industry under Rashid Mohamed Rashid, the last trade minister under ousted president Hosni Mubarak.
The new minister is in charge of distributing state-subsidised food and fuel. One of his biggest challenges will be to put an end to the chronic fuel shortages that Egypt has been experiencing in recent months.
Ahmed Imam – Minister of Electricity
Imam was appointed by ousted president Morsi and will continue in his post.
He started his career as an engineer at the Aswan High Dam power plant, then moved to West Delta Electricity Production Company where he worked until 2002. He was then appointed head of the Cairo Electricity Production Company until 2011. After the 25 January revolution, Emam was appointed deputy to the Minister of Electricity. He was appointed to the ministerial role by Morsi in early 2013.
Criticisms arose lately after recurrent electricity blackouts over the past two months. In June, Emam said that Egypt’s current electricity-generating capacity now exceeds national consumption.
He called on citizens to continue cooperating with the ministry by decreasing their electricity consumption.
Hisham Zaazou – Minister of Tourism
Zaazou, 59, continues in his post as tourism minister, which he held in the previous cabinet.
He is a political independent who was appointed tourism minister in August 2012. He was previously assistant to former tourism minister Mounir Fakhry Abdel-Nour.
In June, Zaazou resigned from his post in protest at the appointment of a member of militant Islamist group Al-Gamaa Al-Islamiya as governor of Luxor. However, Zaazou withdrew the resignation later and continued as minister after the governor resigned.
Adel Labib – Minister of Local Development
Adel Labib, 68, served as governor in several Egyptian governorates under Mubarak, including Qena in Upper Egypt, Beheira in the Nile Delta, and Alexandria.
There were major protests against him in Alexandria with some local groups accusing him of mismanagement during his term.
However, in 2011 he was made governor of Qena for a second time by prime minister Essam Sharaf after protests by locals demanded that Labib be appointed in place of an unpopular alternative.
Labib continued to serve as Qena’s governor until the June 2012 governor reshuffle under then-president Mohamed Morsi. He was succeeded by Salah Abdel-Meguid, a 52-year-old expert on environmental affairs.
Sherif Ismail – Minister of Petroleum
Ismail’s name was not announced until just before the swearing-in on 16 July. Another name, Mohamed Shoeb, had been circulating as the person expected to be appointed to the ministry.
Ismail is chairman of the state-owned Ganoub El-Wadi Petroleum Holding Company which manages exploration and production concessions, establishes joint ventures with private companies and constructs oil infrastructure.
Mohamed Saber Arab – Culture
Mohamed Saber Arab is a history professor at Al-Azhar University. He was head of the Egyptian National Library and Archives from 2006 until May 2012.
He was appointed Minister of Culture in May 2012, succeeding Shaker Abdel-Hamid. Arab resigned from the post in June to be allowed to win a state prize for social sciences worth LE200,000, which sparked controversy at the time.
Arab was reinstated in Hisham Qandil’s cabinet in June 2012.
Arab resigned again in January 2013 in protest at brutal treatment of anti-government protesters by police. However, he returned to his position shortly afterwards at the request of Qandil.
He was replaced by controversial figure Alaa Abdel-Aziz in the cabinet reshuffle of May 2013, who faced weeks of protests from members of the arts community after his sackings of high profile culture ministry figures.
Arab was not the first choice for the role of culture minister; the job was first offered to Ines Abdel-Dayem, former head of the Cairo Opera House, who turned it down.
Reda Hafez – Minister of Military Production
Air Marshall Reda Hafez, 61, has been the commander of the Egyptian Air Force since 2008. He has served in the air force since 1972 and held several command posts over his career.
The air marshal is a member of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF), which ruled Egypt from February 2011 to June 2012.
Hafez is one of the handful of ministers appointed by Morsi to keep his position in this cabinet reshuffle.
Mohamed Ibrahim – Minister of the Interior
Ibrahim was originally appointed in a cabinet reshuffle in January 2013, and is one of the few ministers to keep his post after the ouster of former president Mohamed Morsi.
In May, he received a two-year prison sentence for “refusing to implement a court ruling” of paying a fine to two political prisoners who were released. However, Ibrahim appealed the verdict, won the case, and remained minister of interior.
Mohamed Abdel-Muttalib – Minister of Irrigation
Abdel-Muttalib has been the chairman of the National Water Resource Centre since 2012. He has over 25 years of experience in the field of water resources management.
He holds a doctorate from Colorado State University and is a member of the World Water Council.