The head of the UN observer mission in Syria has called on President Bashar Assad and the country’s opposition to stop fighting and allow a tenuous ceasefire to take hold.
Major General Robert Mood spoke after arriving in the Syrian capital, Damascus, on Sunday to take charge of an advance team of 16 UN monitors trying to salvage an international peace plan to end the country’s 13-month-old crisis.
Under the plan, a ceasefire is supposed to lead to talks between Assad and the opposition on a political solution to a conflict that has killed more than 9000 people.
Mood told reporters the 300 observers the UN has authorised for the mission “cannot solve all the problems” in Syria, and asked for cooperation from forces loyal to Assad as well as rebels seeking to end his rule.
“We want to have combined efforts focusing on the welfare of the Syrian people,” he said. “True cessation of violence in all its forms.”
The ceasefire began unravelling almost as soon as it went into effect April 12. The regime has kept up its attacks on opposition strongholds, while rebel fighters have continued to ambush government security forces. Defying a major truce provision, the Syrian military has failed to withdraw tanks and soldiers from the streets.
Despite the violence, the truce still enjoys the support of the international community, largely because it views the plan as the last chance to prevent the country from falling into civil war – in part because it does not want to intervene militarily.
Most analysts, however, say the plan has little chance of succeeding, though it could temporarily bring down the level of daily violence.
That has largely been the case in Homs, Syria’s third largest city, which has emerged as the heart of the uprising. Regime forces pounded parts of Homs for months, leaving large swaths of the city in ruins, before two UN monitors moved into an upscale hotel there last week.
Since then, the level of violence has dropped, although gunbattles still frequently break out. An amateur video posted online on Saturday showed the observers walking through a heavily damaged neighbourhood, where residents collected a body laying in the street and put it in the back of a pick-up truck.
Mood, a Norwegian, was appointed head of the observer mission by UN chief Ban Ki-moon. One hundred monitors should be in the country by mid-May, said mission spokesman Neeraj Singh. It is unclear when or if the full contingent of 300 monitors authorised by the UN will deploy to Syria.
Mood brings a wealth of Middle East experience to the job, including stints with UN peacekeepers in Lebanon in 1989-1990 and as the head of a UN peacekeeping mission known as UNTSO from 2009 to 2011. That mission was the UN’s first-ever peacekeeping operation and began after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war to monitor a ceasefire. It now monitors ceasefires around the Middle East.
The Syrian state news agency said observers visited the embattled Homs neighbourhood of Khaldiyeh on Sunday, but provided no further information.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said government snipers shot dead two people in the neighbourhood of Joret al-Shayah, which borders Khaldiyeh.