To be eligible for TPS under the current designation, Syrians must have continuously resided in the U.S. since August 1, 2016, and have been continuously physically present in the U.S. since October 1, 2016.

It’s not known how many Syrians are living in the U.S. that arrived since then.

“It is clear that the conditions upon which Syria’s designation was based continue to exist, therefore an extension is warranted under the statute. We will continue to determine each country’s TPS status on a country-by-country basis,” said Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen.

TPS is intended to offer people temporary relief from deportation and the ability to work in the U.S. when conditions in their home countries prevent them from returning safely. However, some nationalities have had TPS status for nearly two decades and remain in the U.S. with no clear path to permanent immigration status.

In recent months, the Trump administration has ended protected status for four countries — El Salvador, Haiti, Nicaragua and Sudan — while making it clear that it is taking a narrow view of what country conditions qualify for an extension.

Reaction from Syrians in the U.S. and advocates were immediately critical of the decision.

“While we do welcome an extension, we are deeply disappointed that TPS will not be re-designated for Syria,” said Royce Murray, policy director at the Washington-based non-profit American Immigration Council.

She also pointed out that the State Department‘s own travel advisory for Syria, begins with: “Do not travel to Syria.”

DHS said that anyone who has been here since the time of the previous designation may be eligible to seek other forms of immigration relief.

Robert Ford, former U.S. ambassador to Syria and senior fellow at Middle East Institute, said he was glad the administration has extended TPS at least for people have been here for a longer period, but doesn’t understand why they have chosen not to allow Syrians who have come here more recently to apply.

“The Syrian conflict is not finished,” he said, pointing out that it would be difficult for Syrians to return to opposition-held territory, as well as government-controlled territory in Syria.

“People that return from the US to Syria,” he said, “the government views them with deep suspicion.”

ABC news