In an exclusive report that will be aired on Friday Arabiya TV station will identify the leaders of The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant( ad-Dawla al-Islāmiyya fi al-‘Irāq wa-sh-Shām), abbreviated as ISIS.
ISIS is a militant group active in Iraq and Syria. It was established in the early years of the Iraq War, and pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda in 2004, becoming known as “al-Qaeda in Iraq”. The group was composed of and supported by a variety of insurgent groups, including its predecessor organisation, the Mujahideen Shura Council, Al-Qaeda, Jaysh al-Fatiheen, Jund al-Sahaba, Katbiyan Ansar Al-Tawhid wal Sunnah, Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura, etc., and other clans whose population is of Sunni faith. It aimed to establish a caliphate in the Sunni majority populated regions of Iraq, later expanding this to include Syria. In February 2014, al-Qaeda cut off all ties to the ISIS.
Here is the list of ISIS leaders as identified by Al Arabiya. All of them are Iraqi nationals.
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
His real name is Ibrahim al-Badri . His previous nickname was Abu Duaa’ nickname .Used to be a lecturer in Islamic studies , the imam of the Mosque of Ahmad ibn Hanbal in Samarra , the imam of a mosque in Baghdad and another mosque in Fallujah . The US troops detained him in the January 4, 2004 for about 3 years . He Took command of the organization from Abu Omar al-Baghdadi . ( Top right)
Abu Ayman al- Iraqi
Responsible for ISIS in Syria. He was a lieutenant colonel in the Air Defense intelligence in the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein. A member of the ISIS military council , which consists of 3 members . AKA Abu Muhannad Suedawi he was born in 1965. He was arrested in 2007 for about 3 years .Went to Deir ez-Zour in Syria in 2011 , and currently he is in charge of ISIS in Idlib , Aleppo and Latakia .( Top center)
Abu Ahmed al-Alwani
His real name is Waleed Jassim al-Alwani . Like Abu Ayman al- Iraqi he was an officer in the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein and is also one of the 3 members of the ISIS military council. ( Top left)
Abu Abdul Rahman Albilawi
His real name is Adnan Ismail Najm . Was AKA Abu Osama Albilawi . He is a Resident of al Khalidiya in Anbar . He was arrested on January 27, 2005 in Boca . Like Abu Ayman al- Iraqi he was an officer in the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein and is also one of the 3 members of the ISIS military council. He is also the Chairman of the Shura Council . Was recently killed in Khalidiya in Anbar . ( bottom right)
His real name is Samir Mohammed Abdul Alkhlafawi . A former officer in charge of weapons development in the Iraqi army under Saddam Hussein . He was in the Boca prison and after his release he joined al-Qaeda. He was ISIS’ most important man in Syria , where he was recently killed . ( bottom center)
Abu Fatima Algehiche
His real name is Nehme Abdul Nayef al-Jubouri , he was in charge operations in southern Iraq , and then took over the operations in Kirkuk and other areas in the north of Iraq. ( bottom left)
At the height of the Iraq War, ISIS claimed a significant presence in the Iraqi governorates of Al Anbar, Ninawa, Kirkuk, and most of Salah ad Din, and parts of Babil, Diyala, and Baghdad. It claimed Baqubah as its capital. During the ongoing Syrian Civil War, the group has a large presence in the Syrian governorates of Ar-Raqqa, Idlib and Aleppo.
Although unverified, ISIS is thought to be responsible for the deaths of thousands of Iraqi civilians as well as members of the Iraqi government and its international allies. Despite significant setbacks to the group during the latter stages of the Iraq War, by late 2012 the group was thought to have renewed its strength and more than doubled its number of members to about 2,500.