Beirut - Lebanon’s next president must find a way to integrate Hezbollah guerrillas into the army and set ties with Syria on a new footing after the “black decades” of the past, presidential hopeful Boutros Harb said yesterday.
Hezbollah’s arsenal is a divisive issue in Lebanon, where rival political camps are trying to agree on who should replace pro-Syrian President Emile Lahoud when his term ends on November 23.
Harb, one of two Maronite Christian candidates endorsed by the anti-Syrian majority bloc, said Lebanon could not continue with a Hezbollah “mini-state inside the state”.
The Shia militant group, which is backed by Syria and Iran, has sworn to use its weapons only against Israel.
Harb said a priority for any new president — who must be a Maronite in Lebanon’s sectarian power-sharing system — should be to reconvene a national dialogue to discuss how Hezbollah’s military power could be brought under state control so that only the government could decide on matters of war and peace.
“Whenever we have a state and government ready to fight for the country’s independence, at that moment Hezbollah will not have a pretext to continue having their arms and we’ll invite them to be part of the institutions of the state,” he added.
Sunni, Druze and Christian factions which command a slim majority in parliament say Hezbollah dragged Lebanon into an unwanted conflict last year by seizing two Israeli soldiers in a cross-border raid to trade for Lebanese held in Israel.
Mistrust between Lebanon’s rival camps deepened after the war when Hezbollah accused its Lebanese critics of colluding with Israel’s US-backed effort to crush the guerrillas.
Hezbollah, the only Lebanese faction permitted to retain its arms after the 1975-90 civil war, says it needs them to liberate the disputed Shebaa Farms border area and to deter Israel, which withdrew from the south in 2000, from attacking Lebanon again.
But the Islamist group has declared it will not keep its weapons forever and is willing to discuss their future in the context of a national defence strategy for Lebanon.
Harb said the army should be trained, equipped and prepared to defend Lebanon, arguing that it had been unable to function properly during Syria’s 29-year military presence, when Damascus called all the shots, including choosing the president.
“The situation now in Lebanon is the result of what happened in the black decades that we had,” he said of the era that ended when Syrian troops left in 2005 amid an outcry over the assassination of Lebanese former prime minister Rafik al-Hariri.
“Now it’s over, it’s finished. Now we are asking that the Lebanese people and parliamentarians choose their president and do not accept any interference.”
Harb, a 63-year-old lawyer, said Lebanese-Syrian relations must be recalibrated, with neither country meddling in the other. Ambassadors should be exchanged and borders delineated and controlled to stop flows of illegal arms and terrorists.
“We are asking Syria to respect our sovereignty and we will respect theirs,” he said.
Lebanon, often used in the past as a proxy battleground for regional conflicts, wanted no part in any external axis, Harb declared. “We are fed up with this, we paid a very high price and we don’t want to continue this in the future.”
Tags: Boutros Harb, Hezbollah, Israel, Syria, Weapons